Thision,Ancient Agora & Acropolis.

Posted: November 29, 2014 in D3200, digital, history, PHOTOGRAPHY, travel

Athena: Thision,Ancient Agora & Acropolis.

Today I visited the historic triangle of Athens ,Thission the  Ancient Agora and Acropolis. The weather was quite good and a lot of people was visiting the sites. Mainly Asians I met some Chinese and some Koreans. When you visit this sites you get a rush thats inexplicable. Maybe its the energy that flows in these marbles. Also it is very difficult not to score some nice photos even if you are completely ignorant on photography.

Thiseio (Greek: Θησείο, pronounced [θiˈsio]) is the name of a neighborhood in downtown Athens, Greece, northwest of the Acropolis, 1.5 km southwest of downtown; its name derives from the Temple of Hephaestus, also known as Τhiseio, as it was, in earlier times, considered a temple of Theseus. 

Temple of Hephestus


Detail From Inside Hephestus Temple
Hephaestus was the patron god of metal working and craftsmanship. There were numerous potters’ workshops and metal-working shops in the vicinity of the temple, as befits the temple’s honoree. Archaeological evidence suggests that there was no earlier building on the site except for a small sanctuary that was burned when the Persians occupied Athens in 480 BCE. The name Theseion or Temple of Theseus was attributed to the monument under the assumption it housed the remains of the Athenian hero Theseus, brought back to the city from the island of Skyros by Kimon in 475 BCE, but refuted after inscriptions from within the temple associated it firmly with Hephaestus.

Emperor Andrianos
Ancient Agora, In distance Temple Agion Asomaton and Acropolis
The Agora, the marketplace and civic center, was one of the most important parts of an ancient city of Athens. In addition to being a place where people gathered to buy and sell all kinds of commodities, it was also a place where people assembled to discuss all kinds of topics: business, politics, current events, or the nature of the universe and the divine.  The Agora of Athens, where ancient Greek democracy first came to life, provides a wonderful opportunity to examine the commercial, political, religious, and cultural life of one of the great cities of the ancient world.

The earliest archaeological excavations in the Athenian Agora were conducted by the Greek Archaeological Society in the 19th century. Since 1931 and continuing to the present day, the excavations have been conducted by the American School of Classical Studies in Athens.


Temple Agion Asomaton
A short distance from the temple of Hephaestus in Thission, the church of Saints Asomatoi is a simple, cross-in-square church with a narthex and Athenian-style dome, supported by four columns. Dating from the mid-11th century, the church sits approximately two metres lower than the current street level.

During the 19th and 20th centuries, the church underwent extensive renovations, which left only the original Athenian dome unaltered. However, around 1960, the church was fully restored to its original form, revealing its Byzantine masonry. Some late-Byzantine frescoes were also discovered at this time along with a valuable silver case containing sacred relics. To date, the contents of the case have not been identified.

Today the area has cafes and meeting points, which are most crowded during summer. Thiseio is served by the nearby ISAP Thiseio metro station.
Odeon Herodes Atticus

On your way to Parthenon you see  The Odeon of Herodes Atticus which is a stone theatre structure located on the southwest slope of the Acropolis of Athens.

It was built in 161 AD by the Athenian magnate Herodes Atticus in memory of his wife, Aspasia Annia Regilla. It was originally a steep-sloped amphitheater with a three-story stone front wall and a wooden roof made of expensive, cedar of Lebanon timber. It was used as a venue for music concerts with a capacity of 5,000. It lasted intact until it was destroyed and turned into a ruin by the Heruli in 267 AD.

Kariatides
Kariatides

 

Erectheum

Erechtheum,  Ionic temple of Athena, built during 421–405 bc on the Acropolis at Athens, famous largely for its complexity and for the exquisite perfection of its details. The temple’s Ionic capitals are the most beautiful that Greece produced, and its distinctive porch, supported by caryatid figures, is unequaled in classical architecture.

The name, of popular origin, is derived from a shrine dedicated to the Greek hero Erichthonius. It is believed by some that the temple was erected in honour of the legendary king Erechtheus. The architect was probably Mnesicles. In the early 19th century, Lord Elgin took several sections of the temple to London. Later, in the early 20th century, it was somewhat restored.

Parthenon

The Parthenon was a temple to Athena built on top of the highest hill in Athens, the Acropolis (Acropolis means High City). In the Late Bronze Age, about 1300 BC, the Acropolis had been where the kings of Athens lived (like Theseus in the myth), and where everybody went to defend themselves when there was a war. But after the Dark Ages, the Athenians had no more kings to rule them. Instead they had an oligarchy, and so there was no king to live on the Acropolis. Instead, the Acropolis became sacred to the goddess Athena, and the Athenians built her a temple there.

There was at least one Parthenon temple on that spot before the one that is there now. The earlier temple was built in the Archaic period out of limestone. The Persians destroyed this first temple when they sacked Athens in the Persian Wars, just before the battle of Salamis in 480 BC. We have only scraps of that temple that were buried on the Acropolis after the war.


  
 For a long time after the Persian Wars, the Athenians left the Acropolis in ruins, as a sort of war memorial. But by the 440s BC, a generation later, the Athenians wanted to rebuild their Parthenon bigger and better than before.

To get the money for this new, big, beautiful temple, the Athenians used the tribute money from their allies, that was supposed to be spent defending the Greeks from Persian invasions.


The Athenians hired two great architects, Callicrates and Ictinus, and a great sculptor, Pheidias, to rebuild the Parthenon. This time the whole building would be made of marble, and in the very latest style, and big, too.

Erectheum Door Detail

Kionokranon detail
Tourist Photographing Propylea

Bottom line, this place is magical you have to visit it at least once in your life. You understand that we have lost many magnificent artifacts in the last 2500 years and we need to cherish what we have left. Also most importantly we have to try to achieve harmony and balance in our selves, Harmony and balance such as these monuments achieve.


Happy Shooting
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