Archive for May, 2016

The Metropolitan Cathedral of the Annunciation (Greek: Καθεδρικός Ναός Ευαγγελισμού της Θεοτόκου) popularly known as the “Mētrópolis”, is the cathedral church of the Archbishopric of Athens and all Greece.

D72_1236 Small
Construction of the Cathedral began on Christmas Day, 1842 with the laying of the cornerstone by King Otto and Queen Amalia.

D72_1242 Small

The Gate of the Church

Workers used marble from 72 demolished churches to build the Cathedral’s immense walls. Three architects and 20 years later, it was complete. On May 21, 1862, the completed Cathedral was dedicated to the Annunciation of the Mother of God ‘(Ευαγγελισμός της Θεοτόκου)’ by the King and Queen. The Cathedral is a three-aisled, domed basilica that measures 130 feet (40 m) long, 65 feet (20 m) wide, and 80 feet (24 m) high. Inside are the tombs of two saints killed by the Ottoman Turks during the Ottoman period: Saint Philothei and Patriarch Gregory V.

D72_1244 Small
Saint Philothei built a convent, was martyred in 1559, and her bones are still visible in a silver reliquary. She is honored for ransoming Greek women enslaved in Ottoman Empire’s harems.

D72_1246 Small
Gregory V the Ethnomartyr, Patriarch of Constantinople, was hanged by order of Sultan Mahmud II and his body thrown into the Bosphorus in 1821, in retaliation for the Greek uprising on March 25, leading to the Greek War of Independence. His body was rescued[when?] by Greek sailors and eventually enshrined in Athens.
To the immediate south of the Cathedral is the little Church of St. Eleftherios also called the “Little Mitropoli.”

D72_1245 Small
In the Square in front of the Cathedral stand two statues. The first is that of Saint Constantine XI the Ethnomartyr, the last Byzantine Emperor. The second is a statue of Archbishop Damaskinos who was Archbishop of Athens during World War II and was Regent for King George II and Prime Minister of Greece in 1946.

D72_1250 Small
The Metropolitan Cathedral remains a major landmark in Athens and the site of important ceremonies with national political figures present, as well as weddings and funerals of the rich and famous.

D72_1238 Small

THE ADDRESS

Metropolitan Cathedral of Athens
Mitropoeos Square
10556 Athens (Greece)
Tel. +30 210 – 3221308

HOW TO GET THERE

BY BUS: 025, 026, 027

BY FOOT: Follow Metropoleos Street, from Syntagma Square all the way down until you meet up with Metropoleos Square (with the Metropolitan Cathedral). This will take approximately 5 minutes.

 

D72_1253 Small

D7200, Nikon 18-55mm f3.5 VR, Hoya UV

D72_1203 Small

Immortal Sacred Marbles

D72_1251 Small

D72_1202 Small

Walk In The Shade, Athens, D7200 Nikon 18-55mm f3.5 VR

Passing through Ermou Street today I took a snapshot of  The candles burning through an open side door of Kapnikarea Church.

D72_1259 Small

The Church of Panagia Kapnikarea (Greek: Εκκλησία της Παναγίας Καπνικαρέας) or just Kapnikarea (Greek: Καπνικαρέα) is a Greek Orthodox church and one of the oldest churches in Athens.

History

It is estimated that the church was built some time in the 11th century, perhaps around 1050. As it was common with the early Christian churches, this was built over an ancient Greek pagan temple dedicated to the worship of a goddess, possibly Athena or Demeter. When King Otto I King of the Kingdom of Greece brought the Bavarian architect Leo von Klenze to draw the new city plan of Athens, The church was considered for demolition and it was the King of Bavaria, Ludwig I who objected the decision and saved the church.