Archive for the ‘nature’ Category

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A place where Gods are still alive is the Ancient Olympia Archeological site. A place where every civilized man must visit at least once in his life. next to Mount Κronos lies the Olympic complex devoted to Zeus.

Olympia lies in the wide valley of the rather small Alfeiós River (also Romanized as Alpheus, Alpheios) in the western part of the Peloponnese, today around 18 kilometers away from the Ionian Sea, but in antiquity perhaps half that distance.[3] The name Altis was derived from a corruption of the Elean word also meaning “the grove” because the area was wooded, olive and plane trees in particular.[4] The Altis, as the sanctuary was originally known, was an irregular quadrangular area more than 200 yards (183 meters) on each side and walled except to the North where it was bounded by the Kronion (Mount Kronos).[5]According to Pausanias there were over 70 temples in total, as well as treasuries, altars, statues, and other structures dedicated to many deities.[6] Somewhat in contrast to Delphi, where a similar large collection of monuments were tightly packed within the tenemos boundary, Olympia sprawled beyond the boundary wall, especially in the areas devoted to the games.
The Altis consists of a somewhat disordered arrangement of buildings, the most important of which are the Temple of Hera (or Heraion/Heraeum), the Temple of Zeus, the Pelopion, and the area of the great altar of Zeus, where the largest sacrifices were made. There was still a good deal of open or wooded areas inside the sanctuary.
To the north of the sanctuary can be found the Prytaneion and the Philippeion, as well as the array of treasuries representing the various city-states. The Metroon lies to the south of these treasuries, with the Echo Stoa to the east. The hippodrome and later stadium were located east of the Echo Stoa. To the south of the sanctuary is the South Stoa and the bouleuterion, whereas the palaestra, the workshop of Pheidias, the gymnasion, and the Leonidaion lie to the west.
Olympia was also known for the gigantic chryselephantine (ivory and gold on a wooden frame) statue of Zeus that was the cult image in his temple, sculpted by Pheidias, which was named one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World by Antipater of Sidon. Very close to the Temple of Zeus which housed this statue, the studio of Pheidias was excavated in the 1950s. Evidence found there, such as sculptor’s tools, corroborates this opinion. The ancient ruins sit north of the Alpheios River and south of Mount Kronos (named after the Greek deity Kronos). The Kladeos, a tributary of the Alpheios, flows around the area.”                                                                                                  info from wiki

The Museum

“The Archaeological Museum of Olympia, one of the most important museums in Greece, presents the long history of the most celebrated sanctuary of antiquity, the sanctuary of Zeus, father of both gods and men, where the Olympic games were born. The museum’s permanent exhibition contains finds from the excavations in the sacred precinct of the Altis dating from prehistoric times to the Early Christian period. Among the many precious exhibits the sculpture collection, for which the museum is most famous, the bronze collection, the richest collection of its type in the world, and the large terracottas collection, are especially noteworthy.

The museum building comprises exhibition rooms, auxiliary spaces and storerooms. The vestibule and twelve exhibition rooms contain objects excavated in the Altis. The auxiliary spaces (caf?, lavatories) are located in the museum’s east wing; a separate building between the museum and the archaeological site houses a book and souvenir shop. Finally, part of the east wing and the basement are dedicated to storage and conservation of terracottas, bronze, stone, mosaics and minor objects.

The Archaeological Museum of Olympia, supervised by the Seventh Ephorate of Prehistoric and Classical Antiquities, was reorganized in 2004 to meet modern museological standards.”

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On a trip to Ancient Olympia our group stopped at the beautiful mountain village to have a drink and enjoy the traditional surroundings.

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Vytina (Greek: Βυτίνα, Vytína) is a mountain village and a former municipality in Arcadia, Peloponnese, Greece. It is considered a traditional settlement. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Gortynia, of which it is a municipal unit. The municipal unit has an area of 139.309 km2. The seat of the municipality was the village Vytina. The village is located at the foot of the mountain range Mainalo. The area produces marble, a variation called the Black of Vytina. Vytina is 10 km east of Levidi, 15 km northeast of Dimitsana and 24 km northwest of Tripoli. The Greek National Road 74 (Tripoli – Pyrgos) passes through Vytina. The ancient Arcadian city Methydrion was located near Vytina.

”FOLKLORE MUSEUM”

The Museum opened in 1986 and since 2000 it has been housed in a building given by the village’s former Mayor and maintained by the current Mayor.

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The Museum now works on Saturdays and Sundays from 11 to 5, the collections are categorized and the visitors are provided with informational material on every item, so that they are aware of each item’s history.

Among the items there are rural objects, traditional costumes and other things people used in their daily life, like tools and utensils.

However, there is still a maintenance problem, as none of the items has ever been maintained since the Museum opened its doors. In order to help solve this problem, students from the Technological Educational Institute of Athens do their internships at the Museum in order to help preserve the Greek cultural inheritance.

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A beautiful traditional village surrounded by majestic mountains and forest that you ought to visit.

 

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Το χωριό Τρίκορφο βρίσκεται στο Δήμο Δωρίδος του Νομού Φωκίδος[1] και σύμφωνα με την απογραφή του 2011 έχει πληθυσμό 410 κατοίκους. Αποτελεί την Τοπική Κοινότητα Τρικόρφου που ανήκει στην Δημοτική Ενότητα Ευπαλίου[2].

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Γεωγραφία – Ιστορία

Το Τρίκορφο βρίσκεται σε υψόμετρο 480 μέτρων[1] και στις πλαγιές του όρους Τρίκορφο, στο κέντρο μιας σειράς τριών λόφων, απ΄ όπου πήρε και το νεότερο όνομα (Τρίκορφον = Τρεις κορφές)[3]. Το χωριό είναι ΒΔ του Ευπαλίου, σε απόσταση 9,5 χλμ. και ΒΑ της Ναυπάκτου (12,5 χλμ.)[4]. Το παλαιό όνομά του, μέχρι το 1930, ήταν Βλαχοκάτουνο, σύνθετη λέξη από “βλάχος” και “κάτουνο” που σημαίνει καταυλισμός βλάχων ή ποιμένων. Αναφέρεται ότι σα τελευταία χρόνια της Τουρκοκρατίας αριθμούσε πληθυσμό με 15 οικογένειες[3]. Σήμερα οι κάτοικοί του ασχολούνται κυρίως με την κτηνοτροφία. Γιορτάζει στις 6 Αυγούστου, εορτή της Μεταμορφώσεως του Σωτήρος, σε εξωκλήσι της Μεταμορφώσεως.

from Wikipedia source:

https://el.wikipedia.org/wiki/%CE%A4%CF%81%CE%AF%CE%BA%CE%BF%CF%81%CF%86%CE%BF_%CE%A6%CF%89%CE%BA%CE%AF%CE%B4%CE%B1%CF%82

Μονή Αγίων Αυγουστίνου και Σεραφείμ του Σαφώφ